The Mining Museum
The Mining Museum

The Mining Museum Plan

History of PlanHistory of Mining in PlanáDigging for Uranium Ore
Šlik Mint in Planá

History of Plan

A settlement that came into existence near the country's trail was mentioned in 1251 for the first time in history. King Wenceslas I / Vaclav I. / entrusted it to the church administration of Cistercians of the monastery in Waldassen.

The original Slav settlement built on a barren, i.e. unfruitful ground / = " planý " in Czech hence its name / was situated in the place of today's Plzeňská Street round about the Romanesque St. Peterand Paul Church.

To the west from the village a settlement was evidently founded at the turn of 13th and 14th century. This settlement was walled in and enclosed with ditches of regular ground plan. The first reported holders of Plana, the Drahostas of Ronšperk, builders of the Plana castle, assigned the inhabitants of Plana to conform to the municipal rule of law of Plzeň. Mining for silver and lead ores in the vicinity of Plana enhanced its flourishing. As early as in 1379 Plana was reported as a township.

After a short rule of the Knight Bořivoj of Svinaře and of the gentry of Elsterberk Plana passed to the family of Žeberk that afterwards signed their names " Plánští" of Žeberk after the town's name. During the reign of Ales, a member of the Nobility League, Plana was protected against Hussite troops and kept on developing. Before 1433 the township was already using its own signet, and in 1436 King Zikmund bestowed the right of annual fairs on the town.

Bohuslav of Žeberk, an outstanding authority in the Poděbrad Age, married Markéta, the sister of King Jiří. Both of them are buried in the dean church in Plana. During the dominion of the Žeberk family Plana was raised to the town status and gained its own coat of arms. In 1517 1665 Plana was in the possesion of the Šliks, who were well known for their mining and minting activities in Jáchymov. They promoted mining for silver ore in the vicinity of Plana as well, and in the middle of Thirty Years' War they launched minting coins in the mint of Plana.

The town was badly afflicted with the passage of a number of army troops. During the stay of the Swedish Army the townsfolk had to pay high contribution to General Wrangel. A decrease of the number of inhabitans caused by the terror of war started a gradual and complete Germanization of the town.

After 1665 Plana gets into the safekeeping of the Sinzendorf kin, who transformed it into the centre of their large estates. They promoted local economization: there were 16active guilds existeda strong Jewish community.

Due to the decline of ore mining the inhabitants concentrated on agriculture and trading in agricultural products, and that on international level.

The town was struck by destructive fires and brands during the rule of the Sinzendorfs. When the Nostic Family held rule over Plana / 1822 1945 /, manufacture enterprising was developing: a brewery, a machine shop, glass works, a brick yard, and others were working. In 1872 the town became a railway station on the new railway track Prague Cheb. Thanks to the Hanik family Plana was also electrified relatively early.

During the 50ies of 20th century Planá again becomes one of the mining centres. In its vicinity vast and intensive geological prospecting for uranium ore was done, which gradually passed into mining for uranium ore in the vicinity of Zadní Chodov, Oldřichov and Slatina, a fader out community nowadays. That last boom of mining activity came to an end together with the ending of 20th century. The mining town of Plana, nevertheless, has survived and ranks among the conservation town with a care of historical monuments.

Josef Ansl, 2003